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中心成员

张明华
邮件:mhzhang@mail.iap.ac.cn
电话:86-10-82995433
传真:86-10-82995123
通信:中科院大气所 / School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University
成员分类:科研人员

【个人简历】

 

张明华,男,1962年出生在江苏省吴江县。1984年毕业于南京气象学院天气动力学专业,获学士学位,1984年在南京气象学院获硕士学位,1988年在中国科学院大气物理研究所获博士学位。1988年-1990年在美国纽约州立大学石溪分校作博士后。 1991年到现在在该校任助理教授(1991),副教授(1997,终身),教授(2003,终身)。曾任美国纽约州立大学石溪分校地球和行星大气研究所所长、海洋大气科学学院副院长,临时院长。曾任美国能源部大气辐射研究计划云模拟和参数化工作组联合主席(co-chair),美国国家气候变化综合评估报告主要作者,美国国家大气研究中心(NCAR)气候系统模式大气模式工作组联合主席。国家“千人计划”。

 

【主要研究方向】

·         Climate modeling and climate feedback processes

·         Development of physical parameterizations of clouds and convection in General Circulation      Models 

·         Variational (变分)integration and synthesis of large-scale field experimental data

·         Wave dynamics coupled with diabatic (非绝热)physical processes, and atmospheric dynamics

·         Earth system modeling

 

【主要科研项目】

张明华教授主要从事地球系统模式的研发工作。在美国工作期间,主持了大气数值模式云模拟与卫星观测的比较研究(ARMIP),和云辐射对气候变化的反馈研究的国际计划(CGILS);组织和参与NCAR大气环流数值模式的设计,发展,和应用。

 

【主要研究成果】

Selected Research Highlights (选项)

·         Cloud and climate feedback processes

Published the first paper to reveal the cancellation of climate feedbacks from water vapor and temperature lapse rate (Zhang et al. 1994); Co-led the late stage of the FANGIO project with Bob Cess to evaluate feedback and forcing in climate models (Cess et al. 1991; Cess et al. 1993; Cess et al. 1996; Cess et al. 1997); Organized the first multi-model assessment of simulated clouds by using an ISCCP simulator (Zhang et al. 2005); Developed a framework to understand mechanisms of cloud feedbacks (Zhang and Bretherton 2008).

 

·         Synthesis of atmospheric field experimental data

Published the first paper to develop atmospheric objective analysis from field programs with multiple physical constraints (Zhang and Lin 1997; Zhang et al. 2001) to interface with numerical models; Developed integrated analyses for field experiments that have been widely used in the cloud-resolving modeling and GCM parameterization community (http://atmgcm.msrc.sunysb.edu/iops.html: TOGA-COARE, KWAJEX,  ARM SGP, ARM NSA, ATM TWP-ICE, LBA, SCSMEX).

 

·         GCM physical parameterizations

Developed the cloud macrophysical parameterization scheme for the NCAR CAM (Zhang et al. 2003); Developed a convection triggering parameterization (Xie and Zhang 2000); Co-led the cloud-resolving model and single-column model study of the DOE ARM 2006 cloud intensive period  (Xu et al. 2005; Xie et al. 2005); Participated in and contributed to the development of the Community Atmospheric Model (Collins et al. 2006; Gent et al. 2010).

 

·         Diagnostic study of climate change

Published one of the first two papers, independent to Vechii et al. (2006), to reveal and explain the weakening of Walker circulation in the last fifty years and in a warmer climate (Zhang and Song 2006).

 

【代表论文专著】

 

1.       Zhang M, Bretherton C, 2008: Mechanisms of Low Cloud Climate Feedback in Idealized Single-Column Simulations with the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM3). Journal of Climate, DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2237.1

 

2.       Zhang, M. H., and H. Song, 2006: Evidence of Deceleration of Atmospheric Vertical Overturning Circulation over the Tropical Pacific, Geophysical Research Letters. 33, L12701, doi:10.1029/2006GL025942.

 

3.       Zhang, M., S. Klein, D. Randall, R. Cederwall, and A. Del Genio, 2005: Introduction to the special issue on Toward Reducing Cloud-Climate Uncertainties in Atmospheric General Circulation Models, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S01, doi:10.1029/2005JD005923.

 

4.       Zhang, M., W. Lin, C. Bretherton, J. J. Hack, and P. J. Rasch, 2003: A modified formulation of fractional stratiform condensation rate in the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model (CAM2), J. Geophys. Res., 108(D1), 4035, doi:10.1029/2002JD002523.

 

5.       Zhang, M. H., J. L. Lin, R. T. Cederwall, J. J. Yio, and S. C. Xie, 2001: Objective analysis of the ARM IOP data: method and sensitivity. Monthly Weather Review. 129, 295-311.

 

6.       Zhang, M. H., and J. L. Lin, 1997: Constrained variational analysis of sounding data based on column-integrated budgets of mass, heat, moisture and momentum: approach and application to ARM measurements,  J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1503-1524.

 

7.       Zhang, M. H., and Q. C. Zeng, 1997: Discrete and continuous spectra of the barotropic quasi-geostrophic vorticity model, J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1910-1922.

 

8.       Cess, R. D. and M. H. Zhang, 1996: How Much Solar Radiation Do Clouds Absorb? Science, 271, DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5252.1133.

 

9.       Zhang, M. H., J. T. Kiehl, and J. J. Hack, 1995:  Cloud-radiative feedback as produced by different parameterizations of cloud emissivity in the NCAR CCM2.  In Climate Sensitivity to Radiative Perturbations: Mechanisms and Validation, Edited by Le Truet, NATO ASI Series, Vol. 34, 213-228,  Springer-Verlag.

 

10.    Zhang, M. H., and M. A. Geller, 1994: Selective excitation of tropical atmospheric waves in wave-CISK: effect of vertical wind shear. J.  Atmos. Sci.,  51,  353-368.

 

11.    Zhang, M. H., J. J. Hack, J. T. Kiehl  and R. D. Cess, 1994:  Diagnostic study of climate feedback processes in atmospheric general circulation models. J. Geophy.  Res.,  99,  5525-5537.

 

12.    Cess, R. D., M. H. Zhang, and G. L. Potter, et al, 1993: Uncertainties in carbon dioxide radiative forcing in atmospheric general circulation modelsScience,  262,  1252-1255.

 

13.    Cess, R. D, G. L. Potter, M. H. Zhang, et al., 1991:  Interpretation of snow-climate feedback as produced by 17 general circulation modelsScience,   253, 888-892.